What is it?
Dylexia is the name for a specific perceptual motor disorder. It is a dynsfunction of the perceptual processes of the brain causing the individual to perceive visual images and sounds differently. It makes one at times unable to distinquish between various word sounds and letters. These dysfunctions could be linked to color blindness or tone deafness. Many dyslexics are hyperactive, distractible, and poorly coordinated.
What Causes Dyslexia?
The causes of dyslexia are still being researched. The most recent studies seem to show that it may be a chemical imbalance of genetic origin. One study seems to indicate an abnormality in the cell arrangements of the brain. Existing evidence indicates that it is hereditary. The probability of dyslexia has been traced through several generations of many families. Since dyslexia frequently goes undiagnosed even today, it isn’t always possible to secure clinical proof. However, it is not unusual to discover a father, uncle or other living relatives who have the problem to a small degree.
How is Dyslexia Treated?
The treatment is ordinarily educational rather than medical. It may take years of patient effort on the part of parents and schools. At the Shedd Research Academy classes are kept small; the overall student/teacher ratio is 5 to 1. Some students require an even smaller ratio.
Can a Dyslexic Be Successful in a Career?
Many have been outstanding in their fields. Examples of successful dyslexics are Nelson Rockefeller, Woodrow Wilson, Winston Churchill, Albert Einstein, General Patton, Bruce Jenner, Thomas Edison, Hans Christian Anderson, and William Butler Yeats. The intelligence of some of these men were in the upper stratum yet many— early in their lives— were judged to be “ineducable” or even “idiot”.
Others, although not world-famous, have been successful in business, mechanical fields, architecture, the arts, and other career areas. Some have become doctors, scientists, inventors, politicians, and generals. Some have become highly creative problem solvers. Most of these people have never excelled in reading, and have remained poor spellers.